Ward Vloeberghs is senior lecturer at Erasmus University College in Rotterdam. He completed a degree in Political Science at Saint Joseph University (Lebanon) and holds a PhD from the Catholic University of Louvain (Belgium). As a political scientist specialised in the Middle East and North Africa, Ward has travelled extensively throughout the region since the early 2000’s. His work is rooted in a political sociology, often with a focus on political change, socio-economic development or civil resistance in the Arab world. From 2010 to 2014, he lectured in Political Science and International Relations at l’Ecole de Gouvernance et d’Economie in Rabat (Morocco). His dissertation was published by Brill, Rafiq Hariri and the Politics of Sacred Space in Beirut. Architecture, Power and Religion in Lebanon (2015). He has published numerous articles including “Ethno-Religious Conflict in Europe: Typologies of Radicalisation in Europe's Muslim Communities” (2009).